Thursday, August 27, 2020
English is Broken Here: Notes on Cultural Fusion is a progression of articles where Coco Fusco analyzes crafted by Latino execution specialists conceived in the United States of America and the topics of Ã¢â¬Å"othernessÃ¢â¬ and culture conflict. FuscoÃ¢â¬â¢s work delineates social combination through live exhibitions. She intended to teach individuals through her show-stopper and being simply the Ã¢â¬Å"other,Ã¢â¬ even presented with Gomez-Pena, a presentation craftsman, under open investigation. They made a live display of different complex social orders having multi-faceted customs, ceremonies and heaps of various dialects. This may just intrigue cursorily to primarily white crowd yet they had any kind of effect in this sort of execution. They mixed the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s creative mind and feeling of social mindfulness. Remarks accumulated from the crowd with respect to HousekeeperÃ¢â¬â¢s Diary fluctuated somewhat. There were the individuals who discussed their own inconvenience of not understanding their housemaids or on the most proficient method to treat them empathetically. Some may have even praised their house keepers to feel significant and sprightly regardless of their apathy. Fusco and Gomez-Pena performed live in galleries and civil structures to know the open responses. They displayed themselves as indigenous ancestral individuals. They were in a confine in plain view as Ã¢â¬Å"two unfamiliar AmerindiansÃ¢â¬ from the island of Guatinau. Coco Fusco depicts the exhibition in Ã¢â¬Å"The Other History of Intercultural Performance,Ã¢â¬ as: Ã¢â¬Å"Our plan was to live Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ valid Guatinaui male private parts for $5 (p. 9). Ã¢â¬ People watching them didn't have the foggiest idea what to put stock in. A portion of the crowd felt that the presentation was genuine. Nonetheless, such introduction, regardless of how acceptable or not, must be investigating what is truly going on in the day by day lives of individuals. The interest of individuals paying just to have a look on the male genitalia of Gomez-Pena going about as Guatinaui is fairly astounding thing to a few, as though the genitalia of the anecdotal Guatinaui is not quite the same as the current people. Among specialists and researchers during the Renaissance, it was an overarching conviction that the fine art or investigation of the male structure was in itself a fine art or investigation of God, consequently they put an incentive on figure of the male structure as perhaps the most noteworthy show-stopper. On account of FuscoÃ¢â¬â¢s and Gomez-PenaÃ¢â¬â¢s live execution, it was their inestimable show-stopper as it was substantial. Over the span of their live shows, others would take care of Fusco and Gomez-Pena with bananas and presenting with them for some keepsake photographs. An acknowledgment with respect to the exhibition may have hit into some crowd, for example, showcasing their own dreams throughout everyday life. Another piece of the exposition is the thing that Fusco composed as: Ã¢â¬Å"Gomez-Pena found the experience of being persistently Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ of open generalization (p. 57). Ã¢â¬ In her point of view as a lady with changed encounters throughout everyday life, the presentation would cause her to redirect the investigation and externalizations of the crowd. The chance of having experienced progressively genuine and weakening encounters in life may have made her more grounded and increasingly open as tolerating peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s complaints and reactions also. While to Gomez-Pena, the experience of being presented to individuals being another person has discouraged him somewhat. Mentally, their exhibition additionally had an effect to themselves, which really opened their brains also and not just the crowd that they needed to watch them. What they did was something not all can do. It would take a ton of mental fortitude, assurance and creative mind for them to execute such a special presentation, an extraordinary gem, just to instruct individuals on the presence of different societies and open them to the outcomes of social combination.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Being an AP Senior English understudy Ã¢â¬ I don't get it's meaning to me? As I would like to think, this title Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"AP Senior English studentÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ is an image of a bigger duty. A responsibility, by definition, is devotion to a specific interest. For this situation, I have decided to seek after the investigation of English at such an elevated level (for a secondary school understudy) not just on the grounds that it is required by my confirmation, but since I have a veritable enthusiasm for the subject and an energy for information. Commitment to AP Senior English is likewise an interest in my own instruction and personal development. I realize that, in this class, conversation will wander outside the standards of state-required educational program and adventure off into the domains of Ã¢â¬Å"outside-the-boxÃ¢â¬ basic reasoning. I perceive that on the grounds that a specific governing body or association directs what ought to be realized, I have a commitment to exceed these limits. This is on the grounds that I have put myself on a higher way of learning known as the Ã¢â¬Å"IB Diploma Program.Ã¢â¬ An IB Diploma says its holder has all around perceived authority at the essential training level. I feel it is my obligation to satisfy that commitment and to be a represetative of County High SchoolÃ¢â¬â¢s scholarly chances. My meaning of an AP Senior English understudy is straightforward: an understudy who comprehends that information can't be estimated with a ruler. This understudy seeks after information as its own prize. He (or she) perceives that so as to be fruitful, and gain the regard and trust of others, one initially needs to put resources into themselves. To me, this class resembles a <a href=http://www.
Friday, August 21, 2020
Finding the best deal for van insurance Make Money Online Queries? Struggling To Get Traffic To Your Blog? Sign Up On (HBB) Forum Now!Finding the best deal for van insuranceUpdated On 07/10/2019Author : Ram kumarTopic : BusinessShort URL : https://hbb.me/30KURzH CONNECT WITH HBB ON SOCIAL MEDIA Follow @HellBoundBlogWe all love a good bargain- especially when it comes to things like finding the best insurance deal. But cheapest is not always the best. Read our handy guide to find out all you need to know and where to go to compare van insurance deals.Firstly, be clear about the difference between car and van insurance. Car insurance consists of three types: Third party covers damage to another vehicle whereas third party, fire and theft includes damage to another vehicle, protection against theft and damage from theft and fire. The highest level of protection is provided by fully comprehensive policies although you do have to check the small print for any exclusions.With regards to van insurance, there are four types. Mos t vans are used for commercial purposes so these are the focus of this article.If you are a tradesperson, you need Own goods van insurance- this covers all the goods for example tools and equipment that are needed to do your work (but not other peopleâs).If you transport shipments such as from internet orders Courier van insurance is perfect for you. This carries more risk as vans travel through mostly urban areas and may be targeted by thieves. Hence, courier van insurance is more specialised and more expensive than own goods insurance. Again, you need to remember that it only covers the van and not the goods.For insurance that covers the items being transported, take out Goods in transit (GIT) van insurance. For the policy to be valid, you must declare the type and value of the goods being transported. This applies even if they are hazardous or expensive which may raise your premiums.READ5 Ways To Develop Your Skills For Career GrowthFinally, there is Haulage Insurance. This wor ks in the same way as for HGVs as it covers the risks of long motorway journeys for dropping off goods in one direction. Some policies include European cover. As for courier insurance, only the van is covered by the policy and not the goods.Other factors that can affect your premiumThese include age and where you live. Older people are more experienced drivers and usually have lower premiums.Van insurance policy checklist- doâs and donâtsDo check it carefully to see what is covered- cheapest is not always the best.Do make sure that you have the correct vehicle category car-derived, micro, small, medium or large.If youâre buying a van, go for the smallest that meets your needs as smaller vans have cheaper insurance than larger ones.Donât forget that you can take off replacement van insurance to reduce your premium if you have another van.Do check online for discounts and add extra security features to your van.Do find out if your policy qualifies you for additional driver tra ining or motorway tests.In short, do your research carefully when purchasing a new van and insurance and make sure you use the money expert comparison site to find the best insurance.
Monday, May 25, 2020
Proper nutrition is important in maintaining a long and healthy life. Food is essential for our bodies to: develop, replace and repair cells and tissues; produce energy to keep warm, move and work; carry out chemical processes such as the digestion of food; protect against, resist and fight infection and recover from sickness. Most people are always rushed due to their hectic schedules, and do not take the time to plan their diets and simply just go through a drive thru like me. Most people, including myself are unaware of the importance of eating and are unaware if the nutrients their lacking. Luckily, I have never had any major health problems, and I have been able to consume many foods without having any health issues. Thanks to aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦That being the case, I was over in added sugars, saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium. More importantly I was also lacking dietary fiber, calcium, potassium, magnesium, vitamin A, vitamin D, and vitamin E. I believe that I am not making healthy food choices and that is consequently the reason why I am lacking and over nutrients, minerals, and vitamins. In order to be healthy, I must improve my food choices. I tend to go to McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s often because I am too lazy to actually make myself something healthy. I should be more careful with my diet, because in the long run it can have severely affect my health. For instance, heart disease, obesity, type 2 diabetes, and etc. On the other hand, eating a balanced diet is vital for good health and wellbeing. It provides our bodies with the energy, protein, essential fats, vitamins and minerals to live, grow and function properly for many years. To me it certainly isnÃ¢â¬â¢t easy to cut off fast food and I honestly do not think I can cut it out of my life forever. I personally love it and find it easier, yummier, and a lot faster. My goal is to eat healthier, and to be on target with every single one of my nutrients, minerals, and vitamins. I will rewar d myself every once in a while, with some of my favorite not-so-healthy foods. In conclusion, I am very glad I was given this as an assignment. It was interesting to learn about supplements that I need more of andShow MoreRelatedReflection About Nutrition906 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSection a) Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢NutritionÃ is the process of taking in nutrients from the foods you eat.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ (Page 1, http://study.com/academy/lesson/what-is-nutrition.html) Maintaining a healthy level of nutrition level is one of the most important factors to prevent being underweight. A vast majority of diseases and illnesses are primarily related to lack of nutrience in a diet. I decided to choose Global Warming and how it affects peoples diet as my environmental disaster. As IÃ¢â¬â¢m studying Sports Science, being healthyRead MoreReflection Paper About Nutrition1446 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAfter being in this class, Nutrition means a lot to me now than it had before. Nutrition to me means eating healthy in order to get all the proper vitamins/minerals and nutrients needed in order to stay healthy. It also means to eat healthy and choose the right foods in order to avoid chronic diseases. A diet that I have always followed during my lifetime is that I am a vegetarian. I do not eat meat, chicken, or any seafood. This means that I do occasionally eat other cultural foods like differentRead MoreReflective Essay on Peg Feeding1053 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesduring my placement in care home. I will use a reflective model to discuss how I achieved the necessary level of competence. Reflection can make a sense of the familiar and taken for granted situations and is a n important human activity, in which people capture their experience, think about it and evaluate it (Driscoll, 1994). Here I have used the Gibbs model of reflection which includes description, feeling, evaluation, analysis, conclusion and action plan of a learning experience (Gibbs 1988).Read MoreCommunity Health Nursing Reflection Essay1087 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCommunity Health Nursing Reflection Maria Jelyn Engelhardt-Parales NUR/405 August 27, 2012 Amy Weaver Community Health Nursing Reflection Community health nursing practice aims to improve community health by promoting a healthier group of people, individuals, families, and residents within the community. The goal is to maintain, preserve, and promote health by providing information, education, teachings, and health care services to the population. The focus is on the collective good ofRead MorePhysical And Cognitive Values Of The Aging Process Essay1356 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesanalyzed and evaluated by many topics that are involved in the aging process. J.S. is an elderly woman with information and insight about the aging process as she explains her own life experiences. The topics to be discussed are biological information, biological theory, sociological theory, risk factors, interventions, communication techniques, and self-reflection. The analysis and evaluation of J.S.Ã¢â¬â¢s aging process will explore the physical and cognitive values of elders in the modern era. BiologicalRead MoreMy Job As A Wellness Educator961 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshealthy and stay in shape. This belief and practice was instilled early in my life by my parents. Recently, I have been more drawn to actively become more proficient in the nutrition-specific content (thus enrolling in this program) and it is my hope to share this information with as many of my students as possible. I am passionate about what I do and spend countless hours planning, preparing and finding new ways to connect with my students. I lead by example and help teach them to take a personal lookRead MoreCommunity and Public Health Nursing Reflection Essay977 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Community and Public Health Nursing Reflection Courtney Austin NUR/405 8/11/2014 Community and Public Health Nursing Reflection Maricopa community schools are the local schools for the Gila River Indian Community. Native American children attending these schools are generally obese and do not participate in extra-curricular activities. The Leading Health Indicator (LHI) that applies is Children and adolescents who are considered obese. Recognizing this LHI, nursing diagnoses canRead MoreSupporting Early Learning And Development973 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescorrect protocol and policies. All three of these topics all correlate with one another, therefor; these three topics will all be tackled when exploring my topic. During week threeÃ¢â¬â¢s assignment about the nutrition competency, I found myself noticing how interested I am in the subject of child nutrition, health and safety. My mindset on these topics before this course was very dull. I simply believed that children needed to have healthy lifestyle, and that that relayed on the parents providing itRead MoreNutrition Course. Overview. When One Does Masters Of Science1704 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNutrition Course Overview When one does Masters of Science in Nutrition program as a candidate they are become more equipped in the field of nutrition both theatrically and practically. As a result, by the time someone who has been doing such a course is graduating, they usually have developed both intervention skills and programming capabilities which are in line with nutrition. Also, they are in a position to develop any program that is related to nutrition and implement the same. Such a programRead MoreOpen Issues And Potential Solutions1466 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIV. OPEN ISSUES AND POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS Nutrition management software is promising for CKD self-management. However, existing software tools are not completely satisfactory and have limitations. In this section, we list the open issues of existing nutrition management software and propose some potential solutions. A. Integration with personal health records Currently, many existing software tools require users to manually enter their health status into the software, which involves labor-intensive
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 500 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/04/10 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Social Media Essay Did you like this example? Since leaving Chapman University I have held three different positions in the field of Journalism. I have worked as a Production Assistant for Dateline News, I have worked as a writer for the local CBS News Station in Los Angeles, and currently I am working as a Broadcast Associate for 48 Hours. Though the job requirements for each of these positions and broadcast vary one the common thread they all share is the dominance of social media the field of journalism. Journalists utilizing social media can now publish the news faster than ever before. Not only is the news published at a lightning fast pace but in the digital age from the palm of their hand anyone with a smart phone can post the news. This immediate journalism is not just an expectation it is now a requirement. News subscribers dont have to wait for the morning paper or evening news to receive information. Anytime of day, from anywhere in the world journalists can post live coverage and updates for their followers as current event unfold. The downside of this immediacy is the pressure to push out stories has led to less accuracy. Journalist are competing to report first on a story leading to an insurgence of careless reporting, as quick reporting quickly does not necessarily correlate with accurate reporting. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "How Social Media Has Improved the Field of Journalism" essay for you Create order Social media has given journalists the chance to build not only a public profile but a brand. While this used to be extremely difficult, utilizing Instagram, Twitter and Facebook allows journalists to weigh in on topics as they unfold and not only report on what is happening but be part of the larger conversation. Social media is a tool a journalist can use to reach viewers outside of their industry and across the world. With a social media profile viewers can to put a face to a name. The audience may subscribe to a publication or watch a specific broadcast because they enjoy certain journalists on a personal level. A goal of journalists in the digital age is to build a brand through their work and social following that will grow as they move through their career. The downside of a public persona on social media is the backlash. Social media makes it easier for members of the public to respond to journalists they do not like or agree with. Journalism has always been reliant upon advertising since its inception, in the digital age this translates to clicks. Whilst publications used to pay for advertising, social media is now a free tool for publications and individual journalists looking to boost content distribution. As the most popular social network, Facebook is a powerful way for publishers to reach larger audiences. Journalists recognize the distribution power of Facebook and are thus changing the way they create content. Social media has allowed digital companies like Buzzfeed grow. The company who rose to prominence utilizing Facebook now operated on a mixed model. One part of the company focuses on viral content to subsidize investigative reporting.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Ultimately, Dr. Victor Frankenstein is responsible for the creatures acts of destruction due to the certitude the creature came into existence in the mindset of a child or newborn. In the 1818 novel by Mary Shelley, the themes of monstrosity and isolation are apparent with the relationship between Victor Frankenstein and his monster. Dr. Frankenstein fled at the sight of his horrific, figurative son, abandoned him and never taught him how to deal with actions and consequences as a parent should. Abandoned by the one person with any sort of emotional connection or relationship with, the monster cannot be held accountable for his actions as he lacked the intellectual capability. This holds Victor responsible for the creatures acts since heÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦He felt betrayed to see the one person he has a connection or relationship with to run in terror. Eventually Victor became sick due to the fear and disgust at the abomination he created. The creature however, left Victor s home and came across a village in which he was chased out of. Consistently being chased away or fled from added to the creatures ever-growing rage and hatred. With the monsters inability to communicate and pattern of being fled from, this built up anger causing his destructive behaviour towards others is again rooted to Victor. Yet the years of abandonment are inconceivable to this young, pure-hearted monster. Victor abandoned the monster both emotionally and physically. Physically he avoided the monster as much as he could and as often. Ã¢â¬Å"Begone! I will not hear you. There can be no community between you and me; we are enemies. Begone, or let us try our strength in a fight, in which one must fall.Ã¢â¬ (Shelley, 10.87). Frankenstein would rather be vanquished by an eight-foot tall monster than to communicate with the abomination of his own creation. He was hesitant to give the monster a chance. Victor spent his life running from him while his family and friends felt the fa talities as they were picked off one by one. Had Victor given the creature a chance or listened to the creature, he might not have had to live his life in fear. Ã¢â¬Å"`Hateful dayShow MoreRelatedFrankenstein And The Psychologic And Moralistic Effects Of Community1521 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFrankenstein and the Psychologic and Moralistic Effects of Community Dense, ominous storm cloud fill the night sky over the stone walls of a castle. Within the keep, a mad scientist goes to work with his instruments of horror. In his consuming madness, he hacks together decaying body parts on a grungy steel table. Grabbing rusted chains, the scientists hoists his creation to the sky. A tendril of lighting engulfs the elevated figure, stirring life inside it as its creator watches with psychotic screamsRead MoreIsolation Is Swallowing Me Whole : Isolation1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAshley Lukas Bailey, Period 4 British Literature March 20, 2015 Madness is Swallowing Me Whole: Isolation in Frankenstein Mary Shelley suggests that through isolation leads to insanity, she shows this through distant relationships with the characters and especially the monster. In Frankenstein, VictorÃ¢â¬â¢s insanity is first demonstrated after the sudden death of his mother, when he secludes himself from society and goes to study at the University of Ingolstadt located in Germany. During this timeRead MoreAshley Andreasen. Mrs. Schroder . Honors English Iv. 81000 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAshley Andreasen Mrs. Schroder Honors English IV 8 December 2016 Gothic Elements in Frankenstein A gothic novel is an English genre of fiction that was popular in the early 18th and 19th centuries that combines horror, mystery, and death in a seemingly meaningful setting. Frankenstein took place in continental Europe, specifically Switzerland and Germany, with other parts taking place in Arctic regions. The location/setting is just one characteristic that makes this a gothic novel. Gothic novelsRead More Isolation in Mary Shelleys Frankenstein Essays1399 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIsolation in Mary Shelleys Frankenstein Mary Shelleys novel, Frankenstein, has several themes imbedded in the text. One major theme is of isolation. Many of the characters experience some time of isolation. The decisions and actions of some of these characters are the root cause of their isolation. They make choices that isolate themselves from everyone else. However, other characters are forced into isolation for reasons that are not in their control. The actions of another cause themRead MoreEmotional Isolation in Mary Shelleys Life and in Frankenstein1159 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Emotional isolation in Frankenstein is the most pertinent and prevailing theme throughout the novel.Ã This theme is so important because everything the monster does or feels directly relates to his poignant seclusion.Ã The effects of this terrible burden have progressively damaging results upon the monster, and indirectly cause him to act out his frustrations on the innocent.Ã The monsters emotional isolation makes him gradually turn worse and worse until evil fully prevails.Ã This theme perpetuatesRead MoreThemes Of Alienation In Frankenstein1294 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThrough Frankenstein by Mary Shelley as well as Skim by Mariko Tamaki and Jillian Tamaki, themes of alienation are projected throughout both texts. Frankenstein in comparison to Skim is one that must look over the different mediums used to portray ideas , furthermore, it is important to focus on the themes of exclusion and alienation present within both texts. In this essay, I will discuss themes of aliena tion throughout the two texts Skim, as well as Frankenstein with the consideration of: PetscheRead MoreRejection And Abandonment Of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein1191 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages2015 Frankenstein Essay Rejection is a hard thing to overcome. Rejection and abandonment can happen to newborn babies, children, and adults. Some babies are abandoned due to birth defects; children and adults are bullied and rejected because of the clothes they wear, their hair, face, ethnicity, and body. Some of this rejection can go too far, and can cause the one being bullied to become suicidal, or even homicidal. The theme of rejection is apparent in Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, Frankenstein. IsolationRead More Frankenstein, Community, and the Individual Essay1697 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescreation and responsibility that lie at the core of Mary Shelleys Frankenstein. It is through these concepts that Shelley explores how society has changed during Romanticism and the Industrial Revolution, with lessening importance on shared knowledge and the public sphere and more emphasis on individual achievement and identity, leading to a fractured and isolated society. In this paper I argue that Mary Shelleys Frankens tein criticizes the impacts of Industrial Revolution and Romantic era-inspiredRead MoreExamples Of Ambition In Frankenstein1316 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFrankenstein Essay With the same hands Frankenstein built the monster, he holds his dying wife. Throughout Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Frankenstein, Victor Frankenstein and his creation fight against each other as ambition, abandonment and the lack of responsibility result in the downfall of both. As the creator, Frankenstein represents a parental figure to his creation. A conflict arises through the years leading up to FrankensteinÃ¢â¬â¢s creation and continues for years while taking the lives of multiple peopleRead MoreAnalysis Of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein 1047 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesKarina Mousessian Ms. Stevenson English II Frankenstein Essay In Frankenstein, written by Mary Shelley, the creation, made from scraps of corpses, was built by Victor Frankenstein, a man fascinated and obsessed with the knowledge of life. Following the creationÃ¢â¬â¢s rouse, Victor immediately abandons him with no desire on keeping or teaching his new being. Because of his lack of nourishment and direction Ã¢â¬Å"growing upÃ¢â¬ , the creation goes through a process of self-deception. He endures a period of deceit
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Aggression and its intricacies Essay Aggression is a critical part of animal existence, which is an inherent driving force to humans, as we, too, are animals. The source of aggression within humans is a long summative list, but before trying to understand its source one must apply a working definition of aggression. Aggressive behavior is defined by Encyclopedia Britannica as any action of an animal that serves to injure an opponent or prey animal or to cause an opponent to retreat. (7) David G. Myers states that aggression is any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy.(9) There are many types of aggressive behaviors, which can be differentiated from the factual act to the hidden motives. For example, an aggressive behavior can be negative or positive, accidental or intended, and physical or mental. Aggression can take numerous forms, the act of hitting a wall to release aggression has some of the same roots as playing football and enjoying hitting the quarterback. A child yelling at his parents could b e equated, in its aggressiveness, with hitting ones horn when one is cut off on 495. Aggression is also a relative construct. What might seem like a terribly aggressive act to one person, most often the victim, might seem like an induced response to the perpetrator.(3) Psychologist Arlene Stillwell performed an experiment where she assigned ordinary college students at random to play the role of a victim or a perpetrator in a small incident. Then she asked the students to describe the situation that had just transpired. What she found was that both victims and perpetrators deformed the truth equally to present their sides in a better light. Victims would dwell on their lasting traumas from the incident while the perpetrator might make the act seem like a one-time action provoked by insurmountable circumstances. The resulting implication is that aggression is in the eye of the beholder.(3) Due to its relative nature aggression is extremely hard to isolate and study. Some acts are very easy to categorize as aggressive, a first degree murder or first degree rape, but is negligent manslaughter aggressive? The mere act of not shoveling ones sidewalk might have the same effect as a cold-blooded murder but is it an aggressive act? For the purposes of this paper aggression will be related to the four conditions presented by Gerda Siann. They are as follows; 1. The person carrying out that behavior, the aggressor, does so with intention. 2. The behavior is taking place within an interpersonal situation which is characterized by an accumulated distress or a opposition. 3. The aggressor intends by the behavior in question to gain a greater advantage than the person on the other side of the aggression. 4. The aggressor carrying out the behavior has either provoked the situation or moved the conflict unto a higher degree of strength.(11) Aggression has numerous reasons and consequences both must be analyzed in order to see from whence it arises. An explicit example of the strength of both nature and nurture concerning aggression is the life of Kody Scott, a young gang member of California. He was already a gang member in middle school, and would not have been had the gang not already been in place when he graduated from elementary school thus environments role in aggressive behavior, but one fateful day when he stole a car to get to the hospital for the birth of his first child, he intentionally detoured through the neighborhood of a rival gang and killed a rival gang member. The detour he deliberately took was a conscious decision and not provoked by the environment hence natures toll on his aggressive act.(3)Aggression is usually associated with negative aspects of the world.(3) This is not necessarily true, though. Negativity is but half of the nature of aggression. Aggression can have very positive results. For example, a non-aggressive hockey player gets thrown around and will therefore not perform very well in an bellicose sport. On the other hand an aggressive player will not allow himself to be thrown around like the aforement ioned player and will most likely win the small battles just based on the mentality of the player.(5) Another example of positive aspects of aggression might be a persons sexual aggressiveness might allow them to obtain a date to prom without any problem, whereas anyone much less aggressive person would be passive and wait for the person to approach them. One good aspects of aggressiveness might be ambitiousness or assertiveness, an aggressive person is more likely to get what they need done as opposed to the inactive person. Outgoing, a socially positive trait is nothing more than aggressiveness personified. A female high school senior might be more successful and be rewarded (by being voted for Best Personality in the MOCK awards) for being socially aggressive outgoing. Aggression can also be characterized by mentality. Where one hurts someone out of rage or whether one thinks of numerous ways of hurting someone, aggression still is present in both situations. The thoughts of a pe ople, for example the Germans in World War Two can be just as aggressive as the act as the systematic murder of the Jewish community.(8) Aggression in this case was an extreme example of a spiraling staircase. The Nazi party did not begin a process of systematic murder at the beginning of their rule, first they instituted a hate as scapegoats toward the Jews, they then removed some luxuries that the Jews had, then they removed citizenship, followed by imprisonment, then to slave labor, and lastly the Final Solution was implemented. The thoughts of hatred at the beginning of the platform was just as dangerous and aggressive as the gas chambers of late WWII. These aggressive feelings allowed the Germans to desensitize each other to a point of genocide.(11) By solely disliking someone they looked the other way when the book burning began, then it was just a small step to the first pogrom, then they just accepted the de-humanization of Jews, and this was followed by an escalating progre ss which led eventually to the inhumane murder of close to six million human lives. Along with these pure feelings of anger and hatred aggressionthe Germans also tried to scapegoat and thereby provide catharsis for themselves by blaming the downfall of their troubles on the Jewish community. This displacement somehow released pent up rage that had been present for numerous years of misery for the Germans.(3, Handler) Thus thoughts also cause aggression or are manifestations of the pure aggression. The most obvious example of aggression is killing, for that reason the example for this paper will be the untimely death of people as caused by others. From very young ages death permeates into all of our lives. From having a loved grandparents passing away to the learning how to read the newspaper and reading about terrible deaths daily, if not more often. One strong argument supports that people have built-in aggression. Much like the theories of Freud, that people have instinctual aggression, whether sexual or violent, a multitude of scientists and psychologists believe that biology is crucial in the development of aggression.(9) For example aggression has been correlated numerous times in a significant way with testosterone.(1) One psychologist, Jack Hokanson, has tracked catharsis theories for a number of years. One experiment performed by this man seemed to point that in order to reduce violence or aggression men would react angrily, whereas women would react in a friendly mann er when presented with aggressive behaviors.(2) The variable that was tested here were the differences in the genders which proved to be quite polar, for the men were belligerent and the women were almost uniformly kind.(12) Differences in physical strength also have provided for differences in aggression levels between the two sexes. Since men are physically built stronger than women they are more likely to become aggressive than are women who are not, in general, as physically strong. Neurotransmitters seem to play a very important part in the aggressive nature of mammals. As tested in monkeys, who have matching 99 percent of their genes with humans, it has been found that hyper-aggressive or antisocial monkeys have a deficit of the neurotransmitter serotonin. As an interesting side note the leaders, who have a different type of aggression assertionhave higher levels of this same chemical.(1) In this same study the monkeys seemed to have very predictable heredity patterns, In which the monkeys were found to easily exhibit the same behavior as the father. This was also found to be true in men who have been discharged from the Marines for excessive violence, as well as in criminals in Finland who committed acts of wanton violence.(8) Seratonin has also found to be an inhibiting factor concerning aggression. A situation or condition that reduces seratonin levels is among drugs, hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is a condition of lowered blood sugar, certain diets can cause or inhibit the onset of this condition, thus directly affecting genetically the aggressive behavior of a person.(12) On the topic of diets an correlation has been found with the corn (a food that decreases the levels of seratonin in the brain) intake of a country and the homicide rates, an obviously aggressive marker.(10) Another chemical in the human machine that causes or has been related to has been the anger hormone adrenaline and its counterpart noradrenaline. This is inherent in the flight or fight reflex, in which fighting is usually prepared by a flush of adrenaline into the system, and anger/aggression are integral parts of it.(12) Stanley Hall found that anger has numerous different effects on the human body, depending on the person. Aggression can cause either an increase or a decrease in heart rate depending on the anger causing stimulus.(12) For example, a psychologist named Albert F. Ax found that his test subjects were experiencing the slowing of their hearts because they were concentrating too hard on the event supposed to turn them aggressive, in the case of his experiment a mugger.(12) Another study done by a man named Eron in 1987, showed that most children, who when described by their peers as having high levels of aggression, are three times as likely to have a criminal conviction by the age of 30 than those children who were rated as having high levels of pro-social behavior.(10) That study shows the apparent stability, or lack of change, in the behavior of people thereby fueling the genetic, or nature, side of the nature versus nurture war that is currently being fought. Sourcery School of Hogwarts EssayThere is a remarkable consistency to these findings. The studies reviewed here agree in noting that punitive parental disciplinary methods (such as physical punishment and depriving children of privileges) ten to be associated with a high level of aggression and other forms of antisocial behavior by the children. Love-oriented disciplinary methods on the other hand, evidently facilitate the development of conscience and internalized restraints against socially disapproved behavior.(12)This is very important in the development of children for most sexual offenders, whether rapists or child abusers, were often time abused themselves as a child or adolescent. Punishment inherently increases resentment and hostility, thus creating an environment where the child does not care for the parents and all of the associations that can be made with the parent, like their morals, rules, and respects. Isolation also tends to have a very strong effect on the mental ity of aggression. Usually with a lack of interpersonal relationships people cannot fully appreciate the human existence and most often do not learn how to handle destructive urges because they do not care about society, which innately is an interpersonal relationship.(6) The aforementioned monkeys with the lower seratonin levels also, when normal, became hyper-aggressive social misfits when reared by a mechanized surrogate mother, who did not give the monkeys affection. This brings up Freuds theory of repressed memories, in which the person puts traumatic experiences from their past into their subconscious.(1) Freud believed that these repressed memories will surface in the form of disorders and problems, mostly exhibited through either sexual dysfunction or violence.(9) Therefore our early surroundings affect us for most of our lives, at least according to Sigmund Freud. Environment and exposure compounds any genetic factors, for instance, the inner parts of Washington D.C. have c onsiderably higher aggressive crime rates (murder, rape, aggravated assault) than a Maryland suburb like the Derwood/Olney/Flower Hill area does. Reasons for such rates are that the city houses more people closer to the poverty line.(3) These people have constant stresses that people do not need to deal with in the suburbs. Drugs and alcohol are also a considerably stronger force in the city. Those two intoxicants allow people to perform acts that they would regularly not have the mind to do. For example, alcohol is consumed, a person looses their inhibitory brain functions and are more likely to forget the consequences of an aggravated assault or a murder.(3,9) For that reason it is likely that there was a rash of psychopathic killers in the Russo-Asiatic area in the past decades. In cities, because of the higher level drug business there is a greater need for guns and weapons. Due to the higher level of guns intrinsically there will be more murder and violence. The environment thu s fuels the violent nature of the city-dwellers. Immediate environment also tends to influence aggression. For example, a person could be inadvertently aggressive toward another in the following way; One person sits down at the only open stool in a bar, he orders a bowl of pretzels and a cold beer. The bartender brings him his beer, and he begins to read his newspaper. Suddenly the person next to him eats a pretzel, without saying a word. At this the person is shocked, and thinks, how can this cruel person be eating my pretzels? Out of fear for starting an argument he says nothing but eats one of the pretzels and both men take turns eating pretzels from the bowl until they are gone. The other man then puts money for his beer down and walks away. The first man then thinks, Wow! I am glad that evil person is gone, who would steal a complete strangers pretzels, Honestly? The bartender then arrives and says, here is your pretzel bowl enjoy.(3, Adams Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy) The victim immediately turned into the aggressor by ta king the other mans pretzels. Thus inadvertently being extremely aggressive towards another human. Immediate distance also generally affects the aggressiveness level of a person, especially when killing is involved. The tendency is as follows; the further away one is from the intended victim the least resistance there will be towards committing the act of aggression. The bomber pilots who firebombed the city of Dresden, Hamburg, or Tokyo caused the deaths of about 400,000 people but not once did they hear the screaming or see the faces of the untold number of children, women, and elderly that they killed. (3,8,Handler) On the other hand, a person within knife range of person will have a more traumatic repercussions of killing someone. Whereas the artillery sergeant will never see the face of his victims, the infantry man will see the terrible contortions of their victims faces and hear their pitiful screams as a bullet rips through the inner lining of their stomach and all intestinal acid seeps onto the rest of their organs.(8) It is a much more traumatic experience and will there by lower the aggressive level and might even make the aggressor penitent. For example one WWII soldiers, William Manchester, states how;There was a door which meant there was another room and the sniper was in that and I just broke that down. I was just absolutely gropped by the fear that this man would expect me and would shoot me. But as it turned out he was in a sniper harness and he couldnt turn around fast enough. He was entangled in the harness so I shot him with a .45 and I felt remorse and shame. I just remember whispering foolishly, Im sorry and then just throwing up.(8)This point of view contrasts sharply with the prerogative of J. Douglas Harvey a World War II bomber pilot who upon visiting rebuilt Berlin said, I could not visualize the horrible deaths my bombshad caused here. I had no feeling of guilt.(8)Another important factor involving the aggression of people are other people. Very few times does an aggressive act stand alone, there is almost always mutual fault and/ or shared blame. David Luckenbill found, in one of his studies, that the major part of criminal homicide revolved around some sort of reciprocal provocations in which collective hostility escalated until one person murdered the other.(3) Murray Straus found the same circumstance appeared in marital violence. In half of the reported cases of domestic violence it was found that both spouses were violent, it just tended to be that one person was considerably stronger than the other.(3)Aggressive behavior has been a huge part of humankind since people first starting walking somewhat erect. From our predecessor the killer ape to the intricacies of nuclear warfare. Whether it is a caveman clubbing his enemy for stealing his food, or a highly paid sniper sitting atop a roof waiting for a South American dictator to walk out of his house, aggression follows us wherever we might go. Aggression is a force that is hard to imagine and even harder to harness. Should people ever learn to control a nd thereby use their aggression towards greater good, the walls we now know would crumble easily under the forcing of such a force. Bibliography:1. Ailman, William F. 1994. The Stone Age Present. New York, NY. Simon and Schuster. 2. Bach, George. Goldberg, Herb. 1974. Creative Aggression. New York, NY. Double Day Publishing. 3. Baumeister, Roy F. 1997. Evil ; Inside Human Violence and Cruelty. New York, NY. W.H. Freeman and Company. 4. Colt, George Howe. (1998). Were You Born That Way? Life. April 1998. 39-50. 5. Denfield, Ren. 1997. Kill the body, the head will fall. New York, NY. Warner Books. 6. Douglas, John. Olshaker, Mark. 1997. Journal into Darkness. New York, NY. A Lisa Drew Book / Scribner. 7. Goetz, Philip W. 1989. Aggressive Behavior. Encyclopedia Britannica. Volume 1; A-ak Bayes. Chicago.Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 8. Grossman, Lt. Col. Dave. 1995. On Killing; The Psychological cost of learning to kill in war and society. New York, NY. Little, Brown, and Company. 9. Myers, David G. 1995. Psychology. Hope College, Holland, MI. Worth Publishers. 10. Rushton, J. Philippe. 1995. Race, Evolution, and Behavior ; a Life History. New Brunswick, NJ. Transaction Publisher. 11. Storr, Anthony. 1997. Human Destructiveness. New York, NY. Grove Weinefendeld. 12. Tavris, Carol. 1982.Anger; the Misunderstood Emotion. New York, NY. Simon and Schuster.